Computation—includes addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and rounding of whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, and positive and negative numbers.

    Numbers Sense and Numeration—includes solving problems with rations, proportions, fraction-decimal relationships, exponents, number theory, place value, and the relationship between numbers.

    Geometry—includes properties of two and three dimensional objects, points, rays, lines, and angles including congruency, similarities, and transformations.

    Measurement—includes customary and metric units of measure around time, money, size, temperature, and weight, and the use of them in both calculating and estimating measurements.

    Statistics/Probability and Graphing—students determine the mathematical probability of events, calculate measures of central tendency, and work with combinations and permutations. Interpret and predict information from charts, graphs, and tables.

    Algebraic Concepts—includes patterns, functions, solving equations, order of operations, properties, simplifying expressions and continues up through more difficult skills in Algebra specific content.

    Problem Solving—includes a variety of strategies such as guess and check, logical reasoning, and working backwards to solve simple and multi-step problems in all mathematical areas.


    Word Analysis and Vocabulary Development—students understand relationships between words and can use component structures and clues from context to decipher word meaning.

    Literal Reading Comprehension—students can recall, identify, classify and sequence details, facts, and stated main ideas from a variety of written materials, and can interpret directions.

    Interpretive Reading Comprehension—students can make reasonable prediction before, during, and after reading, can draw inferences necessary for understanding, and recognize cause-effect relationships, and can summarize and synthesize information from a variety of written materials.

    Evaluative Reading Comprehension—students understand fact, opinion, bias, assumptions, and elements of persuasion and can evaluate the quality and validity of written material. Students can compare works, evaluate conclusions, and apply what is learned to real life experiences.

    Literary Response and Analysis—students respond to stories based on well-known characters, themes, plots, and settings.


    Composing and Writing Process—students use skills needed to begin writing, drafting, and revising and using editing and proofreading skills.

    Composition and Structure—students work with sentences and paragraphs, use the correct form for their writing, and understand composition forms.

    Basic Grammar and Usage—students show understanding of basic sentence patterns, phrases and clauses, word forms, verb tenses, subject-verb agreement, and pronoun-antecedent agreement.

    Punctuation—students understand end punctuation, comma usage, apostrophes, enclosing punctuation, and underling for titles.

    Capitalization—students can use beginning capitalization, and can properly capitalize proper nouns, adjective, and the pronoun “I”.